Orjinal Araştırma Makalesi | Gelecek Vizyonlar Dergisi 2023, Cil. 7(1) 15-29
Doğan Bulu & Görkem Avcı
ss. 15 - 29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/fvj.2023.539.2 | Makale No: MANU-2301-09-0001.R1
Yayın tarihi: Mart 30, 2023 | Okunma Sayısı: 9 | İndirilme Sayısı: 69
Turkey Turkey is more prone to disasters due to its geographical location. The population living in various regions of Turkey encountered several lethal disasters, including earthquakes, avalanches, floods, fires, and landslides at different times, and yet they continue to confront such calamities. Disaster preparedness training is crucial for minimizing the damage in disasters. Schools are the initial public institutions providing disaster preparedness training; thus, such institutions and their educators pose special responsibilities. Delivering such training effectively and successfully is directly related to teachers' disaster awareness perceptions. Given the significance of primary education, it is essential to determine that teachers have received disaster training, is prepared for disaster incidents, and have posed awareness and preparedness for disasters. Assaying the disaster awareness perception of teachers is critical during the preparation phase for potential disasters. The current study aimed to assess the degree of disaster awareness perceptions among classroom teachers by analyzing factors, including age, gender, geographical region where they were born/raised, professional seniority, educational status, title, and disaster experience. The study also focused on ascertaining disaster awareness perception levels of primary school teachers by utilizing the survey design, a quantitative research technique. The study sample comprised 509 classroom teachers employed in schools affiliated with the Ministry of National Education in the province of Van during the fall semester of the 2022–2023 school year. Two separate forms, “Teacher Personal Details” developed by the author and the “Disaster Awareness Perception Scale” generated by Dikmenli, Yakar, and Konca (2018), were used to collect research data. Frequency-percentage distributions, arithmetic means, standard deviations, and Kruskal Wallis and Mann Whitney U test were employed to analyze the acquired research data. The study revealed that primary school teachers have a high level of awareness for disasters, and their perceived levels of disaster awareness significantly vary depending on the calamities they have personally experienced. However, their disaster awareness perceptions did not differ according to age, gender, seniority, title, education level parameters, or the region in which they were born. As a result of the research; It was determined that the disaster awareness perception levels of the classroom teachers were high; It can be said that programs such as School-Based Disaster Education, Disaster Education Year, and Disaster Drill Year with the goal of the “Disaster Ready Turkey” positively affect the perceptions of classroom teachers' disaster awareness.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Disaster perception, disaster awareness, disaster education, classroom teacher.
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